FAQs

Welcome to our Frequently Asked Questions (“FAQ”) page.

As part of Hibiscus Petroleum Berhad’s ongoing efforts towards greater transparency, the Company has set up this FAQ webpage to address questions received from our shareholders.

If you have any question(s) concerning the Company, please fill out this form or email it to faq@hibiscuspetroleum.com. We endeavour to respond via this webpage within 10 working days.

    FAQS

    Has Malaysia’s full Movement Control Order affected the Group’s operations in Malaysia, and if so, to what extent has it affected its Q4 FY2021 results?

    As Oil & Gas is deemed an essential service, the Group’s operations have proceeded safely without material disruption since the beginning of Malaysia’s first Movement Control Order in March 2020. To combat the spread and impact of COVID-19 within the organisation, various measures have been taken both on land and offshore at North Sabah and Anasuria. These include “work-from-home” rotations for office-based staff and our offshore teams being subject to strict protocols whilst conducting operations.

    Due to the price sensitive nature of the question, we are unable to comment on the Q4 FY2021 results.

    6 July 2021

    In reference to your Statement of Cash Flows, under Cash Flows From Investing Activities, there were amounts of (196,316) and (197,193) (RM’000) stated in the Q2 and Q3 FY2021 Quarterly Reports respectively for ‘Other investment’. What investments were made with these amounts?

    Pending utilisation of the net proceeds from the issuance of the Islamic CRPS, such net proceeds have been placed in a Trust Account maintained with a licensed bank by the independent custodian.

    The funds in the Trust Account have been invested in accordance with the provisions set out in Section 2.1.2 of the Circular for the Islamic CRPS. The classification of the investment as Other Investment in the Statement of Financial Position is in compliance with the relevant accounting standards.

    It is envisaged that the net proceeds from the issuance of the Islamic CRPS will be used for the recently disclosed proposed acquisition of Repsol assets in Malaysia and Vietnam.

    30 June 2021

    Has the Company completed the CRPS Private Placement exercise or would there still be future fund raising rounds?

    Future tranches of CRPS will only be issued based on a firm acquisition being announced and will be sized to minimise dilutive effects to existing shareholders, taking into account the requirements of financial institutions that would be supporting the debt component of the acquisition announced. To date, we have successfully raised a total of RM203.6 million via the issuance of 203.6 million Islamic CRPS, the largest CRPS issuance in 2020. About 95% of these CRPS have already been exercised.

    27 May 2021

    Can you disclose which assets will be acquired?

    We are looking at potential acquisitions of producing assets in Southeast Asia. Should there be a material acquisition, an announcement will be made accordingly.

    27 May 2021

    When do you expect the UK Marigold Cluster and the Australian Bass Strait Cluster to start production?

    In reference to Marigold, a decision is expected to be made at the end of August 2021 as to which concept will be taken forward for execution, and accordingly, the expected timeline will be based on the chosen concept. In any case, first oil production from Marigold would have to be delivered before the end of 2023.

    In reference to Australia, given the Group’s focus on Malaysia and the UK, we have deferred our development plans for our Australia Bass Strait Cluster. As a result, in Q4 FY2020, we recognised provisions for impairment in licences within this Cluster (specifically VIC/L31 and VIC/P57) amounting to RM183.5 million.

    27 May 2021

    What are the total remaining Oil & Gas Reserves of your current assets?

    Please refer to our Current Reserves & Resources slide in our Investor Presentation, available at our Investor Relations page.

    27 May 2021

    What are the decommissioning costs associated with your producing assets, and when will they reach their end of life?

    For the Anasuria Cluster, decommissioning costs amount to approximately USD6.50 per barrel of oil. Economic life for the Anasuria Cluster is expected to be up to 2038.

    In North Sabah, we pay to PETRONAS a dedicated sinking fund related to North Sabah’s Asset Retirement Obligation. Production rights for the North Sabah asset are up to 2040.

    7 January 2021

    With reference to the previous Quarterly Report for the period ended 30 June 2020, under section 15.1 it stated that the North Sabah segment sold 249,387 bbls of crude oil at an average realised oil price of USD31.79 per bbl. Average net oil production for the quarter was 6,949 bbls per day. What happened to the remainder of the oil produced if it wasn’t sold, and why was the oil sold at USD31.79 per bbl when there was an agreement with Trafigura for sales at USD35 per bbl?

    One offtake in North Sabah was deferred to the next quarter in an attempt to realise higher oil prices. You may refer to page 31 of the Quarterly Financial Report for the period ended 30 June, Section 19 ‘Prospects of the Group’.

    To mitigate some of the potential crude oil price downside risk in calendar year 2020, SEA Hibiscus Sdn Bhd locked in sales of 750,000 bbls in the second half of calendar year 2020 at USD35/bbl at North Sabah.

    Per the agreement, the 750,000 bbls are spread out over 3 offtakes of 250,000 bbls each, one offtake in the quarter ended 30 September 2020 and two offtakes in the quarter ending 31 December 2020.

    As a result, the offtake in North Sabah in the quarter ended 30 June 2020 did not form part of this price fixing arrangement. Therefore, the barrels sold in the quarter ended 30 June 2020 were sold at the prevailing market price at the time of the offtake.

    7 December 2020

    What is your outlook on potential reductions in future crude oil supply due to reductions in capex by oil companies in the upstream sector?

    We have seen a sharp reduction in capex commitments by the oil and gas industry in 2020, especially in the exploration and production space, due to the demand destruction caused by COVID-19 and subsequent low oil prices which in turn leads to projects not being financially viable.

    In addition, there has been considerable pressure from the climate change movement, particularly on the larger oil and gas players, to exit the crude oil supply sector and to instead focus investments towards greener forms of energy. This is expected to have a knock-on effect on future supply as fewer new wells are drilled, and production enhancement projects are deferred.

    Rystad Energy estimate that upstream players may have to spend over USD3 trillion as the current inventory of fields and discoveries will not be sufficient to meet expected oil demand through 2050, even with peak oil demand occurring in 2028.

    3 December 2020

    How can I request for a printed copy of the Annual Report 2019/2020?

    Shareholders may make the request to our Share Registrar, Tricor Investor & Issuing House Services Sdn Bhd, by:

    1. Going to the Share Registrar’s website at https://tiih.online and selecting “Request for Annual Report/Circular” under the “Investor Services” link, or
    2. By filling in the Request Slip available on our Company website. Please go to the “Investor Relations” section, click on “Info for Shareholders & Investors” and under “Annual General Meeting” and you will find the Request Slip at item IV (on page 3).

    4 November 2020

    With reference to the Quarterly Report for the Third Quarter of FY2020, under Cash Flow from Investing Activities, there were two items; Purchase of Equipment and Acquisition of Intangible Assets amounting to RM 227m and RM 67m respectively. Can you give further details of these amounts?

    The Purchase of Equipment amount was mainly for capital expenditure incurred for North Sabah PSC (RM136m for the South Furious 30 Infill Drilling and the St Joseph Infill Drilling projects), and for the Anasuria Cluster (RM86m for the drilling of a side-track from the GUA-P1 oil producing well on the Guillemot A field and the Cook Water Injection project).

    The Acquisition of Intangible Assets amount was mainly for the recognition of North Sabah PSC’s decommissioning liabilities due to be paid in December 2020 (RM54m), capitalised costs incurred for Project Marigold-Sunflower (RM8m), and the initial purchase consideration for License No. P2366 (RM4m).

    27 May 2020

    Can you clarify if all offtakes planned in 4Q FY2020 will be deferred, and will this result in zero revenue for that quarter? When does the company plan to transact the locked in future sales of 750,000 bbls of oil at North Sabah?

    Given the prevailing low oil price environment, the Group is reviewing the offtake schedule for 4Q FY2020 and 1Q FY2021 across both assets and may defer some of its crude oil offtakes (not all offtakes) to later quarters in order to realise higher crude prices.

    The Group has locked in an average price of USD35/bbl at North Sabah for a total volume of 750,000 bbl of oil to be sold in offtakes in the second half of calendar year 2020.

    27 May 2020

    1. Will the reported amount of deferred taxation be eventually converted fully into a tax credit in the coming year or only a percentage of it? 2. If the UK leaves the EU in a ‘no-deal’ scenario (hard Brexit), how will this impact Hibiscus operations in the UK?

    1. The deferred taxation amount will be reversed and hence credited to the Profit or Loss Statement in line with the depreciation of the asset base, which will be over the production life of the license.

    2. Our revenue from selling crude oil in the UK is denominated in US Dollars while the bulk of our operating costs in the UK are in British Pounds. In a hard Brexit scenario, the British Pound is expected to continue to decline against the US Dollar, which we expect to be favourable for our UK operations.

    5 September 2019

    Can you elaborate on which specific blocks the Marigold & Sunflower fields belong to, and how many discoveries have been made for each block?

    The Marigold oilfield lies in License P.198 Block 15/13a in the UK Continental Shelf. The Sunflower oilfield lies in License P.198 Block 15/13b in the UK Continental Shelf. Each field contains one discovery.

    8 May 2019

    I have noticed recently the rise in Brent crude oil prices, which did not lead to a corresponding rise in the Hibiscus stock price. May I know why that is the case?

    With reference to the chart on page 8 of the investor presentation (available at Investor Relations page), Hibiscus Petroleum’s market capitalisation over the last one year has generally shown a positive correlation with the Brent crude oil prices. We note of course that, apart from the Brent crude oil price, Hibiscus’ share price may be subject to various other factors, some within, and others beyond our control.

    8 May 2019

    According to Hibiscus’ Bursa Announcement dated 17th April (“HIBISCUS PETROLEUM BERHAD Clarification on online news article”), Anasuria FPSO production was temporarily halted due to a prohibition notice by the UK Health and Safety Executive. Exactly how many days were Anasuria operations halted? Will this production halt cause any impact to earnings/profit?

    As stated in the Bursa announcement, production was temporarily halted and over the next six days, decisive action was taken by Petrofac and Anasuria Hibiscus UK to mitigate any potential risk. For the avoidance of doubt, the production halt to mitigate the specific identified potential risk was six days. Additionally, as previously disclosed, this production halt is not expected to have a material effect on the earnings of the Hibiscus Petroleum group for the financial year ending 30 June 2019

    8 May 2019

    Is there any impact expected on Hibiscus’ financial results due to the UK leaving the EU (Brexit) in a ‘no-deal’ scenario or if a deal is reached? Will there be any change to Hibiscus’ UK tax commitments after Brexit?

    The main factor driving Hibiscus Petroleum’s financial results is the price of crude oil. Other important factors include foreign currency exchange rates and taxes.On the assumption that the UK’s fiscal terms related to the oil and gas industry remain unchanged and there is only a small variation in foreign currency exchange rates, then we expect there to be only a minimal impact on our financial results post Brexit.

    8 May 2019

    I understand the performance of Hibiscus can be affected by several external factors – Brent crude oil prices, foreign currency movements, discounts & premiums received on the cargoes delivered – where the Group has minimal control. The Group’s performance can also be affected by the cargoes delivered in the interim. In the first quarter ended 30 Sept 2018, the Group managed to deliver 4 cargoes from its North Sabah oil field and Anasuria oil field, while the Group only delivered 2 cargoes in the second quarter ended 31 December 2018. Please advise what are factors that drive the cargo deliveries and the expected number of cargo deliveries in the next two quarters

    The production rate from Anasuria & North Sabah as well as the facilities availability can affect the timing of the cargo offtakes. In FY2019 the Group is targeting to conduct 10-12 cargo offtakes from Anasuria & North Sabah combined, as has been published in the investor presentation, which is available at https://www.hibiscuspetroleum.com/investor-presentation

    8 May 2019

    Is the offtake number reported in the quarterly report gross or net?

    The offtake numbers that are reported in the quarterly report are net to the Group.

    With regards to the quarterly report for the period ended 30 June 2018, could you please explain where Anasuria and North Sabah assets are parked under? How is the NTA value of 0.63 calculated?

    The value of the oil and gas licenses acquired in both the North Sabah and the Anasuria assets are classified under intangible assets on our Balance Sheet.

    Net assets per share as at 30 June 2018 is MYR 0.63. This was arrived at by dividing the total net assets over total number of shares as at 30 June 2018.

    With reference to your 30th June Quarterly Report, could you please explain where the finance cost comes when there are no borrowings?

    Finance costs are mainly attributable to the unwinding of discounts on longer term liabilities (which are provisions for decommissioning costs, deferred consideration, contingent consideration and other long-term payables). These are non-cash in nature.

    I noticed that the last quarter of every financial year (Q4 2018, Q4 2017, Q4 2016) incurred the most amount of tax compared to other quarters in the same financial year. Is there a reason for this?

    For the financial year ends that have been highlighted (in particular, FYE June 2016 and FYE June 2017), our revenue was mainly derived from our UK Anasuria Cluster operations. In this regard, it is important to note that the Group’s financial reporting period begins on the 1st of July each year and ends on the 30th of June the following year, which also applies to operations in the UK.

    At the beginning of our financial year (which is also the UK tax year), we make a projection of the production volumes that we believe are achievable and estimate the quantum of tax payable depending on oil price assumptions, expected volumes to be lifted and capital projects to be executed. These projections provide us an estimate of the total annual tax payable to the UK tax authorities. The estimate is then reflected in our quarterly financial reports based on latest available information at the point when such reports are made.

    Towards the end of each UK financial tax year (Q4 for our Group), we perform a final review of the earlier projected assumptions and make the necessary adjustments based on actual volumes lifted, actual realized oil prices, and actual expenditure on capital projects to ensure that we are paying the right level of tax for the full financial year.

    For the financial year ends that you have mentioned, rising oil prices, increases in the achieved levels of production and some delays in the execution of capital projects may have caused us to under-estimate the quantum of tax payable in the earlier quarters. Thus, adjustments had to be made in the final quarter to ensure the correct amount of tax was paid to the UK tax authorities.

    In addition, the Group completed the acquisition of 50% participating interests under the 2011 North Sabah EOR PSC on 31 March 2018. As a result, for FYE June 2018 specifically, the Group accrued tax payable on its North Sabah operations for the first time in Q4 FYE June 2018.

    Is the net entitlement production quoted for North Sabah Operations Performance Summary before or after deducting royalty and profit oil share payment to Petronas?

    The entitlement production number quoted is net to Hibiscus Petroleum Group, after deducting royalty and profit oil share payment to PETRONAS.

    18 July 2018

    What is the offtake date for North Sabah? What is the crude oil sale price based on?

    Scheduling of Offtake

    We sell our North Sabah crude oil in cargoes of approximately 300,000 barrels. The schedule of each oil offtake is not fixed as several other Production Sharing Contractors also flow their crude oil to the Labuan Crude Oil Terminal (“LCOT”), as we do, and oil is allocated to each party delivering oil to the terminal depending on volumes delivered to the terminal by that party versus the volumes delivered by all parties. The oil belonging to each party gradually accumulates and eventually will build-up to reach a cargo size of approximately 300,000 bbls, At the point when a particular cargo reaches this size, it is prioritized for an offtake. As mentioned above, the frequency of the offtake will depend on the rate of delivery of oil volumes to LCOT.

    Selling Price

    The price of the oil sold is not fixed as Hibiscus receives the spot price (market price) when crude oil is sold. Once an offtake has been completed, the Company will disclose the specific quantity of oil sold in the Quarterly Financial Result for that particular financial quarter together with information on the actual prices realized for the cargo(es) sold.

    5 July 2018

    I understand that Hibiscus Petroleum has an agreement with Shell for profit sharing of North Sabah if Tapis oil is above USD 70/bbl. Could you explain how this works and how the profit split between Hibiscus and Shell is determined?

    There is no such profit sharing arrangement in place with Shell in the instance where the Tapis oil is above a certain price level.

    5 July 2018

    What is the premium price of North Sabah oil price compared to Brent crude oil? Is it a fixed price or does it fluctuate with the market?

    Brent crude oil is not fixed and fluctuates in the spot market accordance with global supply and demand considerations which are applicable at any particular time. North Sabah crude is a high quality light and sweet oil and hence generally commands a premium (in the range of 5% to 10%) over Brent crude oil spot price.

    5 July 2018

    In relation to North Sabah Operations Performance Summary for as reported in the quarter ended 31 March 2018, what is the difference between gross oil and net oil production? Is the production summary provide based on North Sabah’s total production or Hibiscus’ 50% interest in the PSC? How is the OPEX per barrel calculated? How often is North Sabah crude oil sold and how much is sold at a time?

    Gross production reflects the average of 100% of oil produced from the North Sabah fields on a daily basis over the quarter. Net production reflects the portion of the gross production that is apportioned to Shell (from 1st April onwards to SEA Hibiscus).

    We have reported both gross production (100%) and net entitlement production. Reported oil sold volume is net to Shell and reported crude price is what Shell realized in that particular quarter.

    Opex per bbl (unit production cost) is the ratio of gross (100%) OPEX and gross (100%) oil production.

    We sell our North Sabah crude oil in cargoes of approximately 300,000 barrels. The schedule of each oil offtake is not fixed as it is a function of production rate (from all PSCs producing into LCOT) and the net entitlement to Hibiscus.

    7 June 2018

    Where are Hibiscus’ offices located for the operations of the North Sabah fields?

    Hibiscus has offices located in Kuala Lumpur, Kota Kinabalu, and Labuan for the North Sabah operations. Should you wish to speak to a specific department to obtain more information, kindly contact the headquarters (+603-2092 1300) where you will be directed to your required department.

    18 May 2018

    Why did Shell sell off its interest in the 2011 North Sabah EOR PSC?

    Hibiscus Petroleum is unable to comment on behalf of Shell as to why it has chosen to sell the North Sabah asset. However, you may refer to a press release dated 2 February 2017 by Shell (click here) in relation to the sale of the North Sabah asset.

    7 April 2018

    The last available update on the operational performance of the asset was released in the recent quarterly results. Please provide an update subsequent to this.

    The Company shall provide an update on the operational activities undertaken in the next issuance of its quarterly report. As a listed entity on the Main Market of Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad, the Company will make the necessary disclosures in accordance with the Main Market Listing Requirements.

    22 March 2018

    How does Hibiscus Petroleum prevent incidents like the 2010 Deepwater Horizon blowout, is the company adequately insured for such incidents? What sort of financial impact would it have on the balance sheet in the event of such incidents?

    Generally, our assets are in a production mode and we constantly monitor the integrity of the assets and facilities that are part of our production systems. We also have in place reasonable levels of insurance cover consistent with the type of activities that are being undertaken. Nevertheless, the impact of such an event on the company’s balance sheet could be significant as it probably was with BP for the 2010 Deepwater Horizon incident. Hibiscus Petroleum operates our assets in accordance with a Safety Case which requires us to demonstrate that the risks of such events have been reduced to as low as reasonably practicable (ALARP). We also utilise reputable and industry tested contractors to undertake key operational activities.

    22 January 2018

    How is the Contractor’s R/C (Revenue Over Cost) ratio determined for the 2011 North Sabah EOR PSC?

    These specific commercial parameters relate to the North Sabah Production Sharing Contract. This type of information is strategic to Petronas’ effort to attract E&P (Exploration and Production) players and investors into the Malaysian oil and gas industry and these are bound by strict Confidentiality Agreements with the Malaysian oil industry regulators (PETRONAS).

    19 January 2018

    I am interested in working for Hibiscus Petroleum. Where should I send my resume to?

    You may refer to our Careers page here for more information.

    22 November 2017

    Has Hibiscus been rated by any international credit rating agencies such as Moody’s and S&P?

    Typically, the ratings by the credit rating agencies like Moody’s and S&P would be applicable to large-scale borrowers, including corporations and governments, with debt securities such as bonds in issue.At this point in time, credit ratings would not be relevant to Hibiscus Petroleum as it has no outstanding debt securities in issue.

    21 November 2017

    It is understood that Hibiscus Petroleum currently produces crude oil via its asset Anasuria Cluster. Does Hibiscus also do crude oil trading?

    Hibiscus Petroleum via its wholly owned subsidiary, Anasuria Hibiscus UK Ltd, has entered into a long-term marketing and offtake agreement for the sale of crude oil with BP Oil International Limited (“BPOI”). BPOI is a subsidiary of BP p.l.c.. It distributes and markets crude oil and deals with crude oil forwards and contracts. Using their global marketing network, BPOI identifies a potential customer for our oil, locks in a competitive price for the cargo and arranges the ‘lifting’ of the oil via tanker to the client refinery.In this manner, Hibiscus Petroleum sells the crude oil that it produces. Whilst the company may consider a position in the futures or options market to mitigate oil price risks, the company does not operate a crude oil futures trading business unit.For more information on Hibiscus Petroleum’s business and operations, kindly refer to the section “Management Discussion and Analysis” of the company’s 2017 Annual Report.

    21 November 2017

    Most analysts pegged Hibiscus's cost of debt around 5-7% and cost of equities around 10%-12%. Given that Hibiscus’s balance sheet is debt free with positive free cash flow, why choose to raise funds via equity fund raising which is more expensive? Is it difficult to get bank loans or is the interest charged prohibitive?

    During the period mid 2014 until mid 2017, we have found it very difficult to access the debt markets. Malaysian banks were mostly interested in limiting their exposure only to their current oil and gas sector clients. Hence there was little interest for the banks to take us onboard as a new client in an industry sector where market sentiment was poor.

    We also tried alternative sources of borrowings i.e. hedge funds, “special situations” funds but the cost of borrowings exceeded our estimated cost of equity.

    Having said that, market sentiment towards oil and gas industry is improving with the stabilization of Brent oil prices above US$50 per bbl. Hence, Hibiscus Petroleum is currently in discussion with potential lenders to secure borrowing/loans for capital expenditure and working capital purposes. However, we are unable to disclose further information as we have signed confidentiality agreements with these potential lenders.

    14 September 2017

    How is taxation in the Anasuria business segment provided in a particular financial quarter?

    Income generated by Anasuria Hibiscus UK Limited via the sale of crude oil and gas from the Anasuria Cluster is subject to taxation in the United Kingdom. Such taxable income is subject to 30% corporation tax and 10% supplementary charge. The accounting profit (in this case, the profit before taxation) and taxable income can be different in certain reporting periods because of the differences in principles approved for financial reporting and tax filing. In addition, provision for taxation at the end of each accounting period is pro-rated based on latest available information of the total tax obligations for the full financial year.

    14 June 2017

    What is the expected date for the announcement on the Company’s Quarterly Results?

    Announcement of quarterly results for each financial quarter is due not later than 2 months from the end of the quarter. For example, the announcement of the quarterly results for the quarter ended 31 March 2017 is due not later than 31 May 2017.

    19 May 2017

    Is it Brent or Crude Oil that is generating sales revenue to the Company, as different sources are stating differently? If both, which one is the main product?

    Crude Oil is a naturally occuring unrefined petroleum product. The Company produces crude oil from the Anasuria Cluster of producing fields offshore United Kingdom in the central North Sea.

    Brent is a benchmark crude which is a crude oil that serves as a reference price for buyers and sellers of crude oil. Currently there are three primary benchmarks globally, which are:-

    1. West Texas Intermediate (WTI);
    2. Brent; and
    3. Dubai Crude.

    Hibiscus Petroleum uses Brent as a reference price for Anasuria because the quality and type of crude oil produced by the Anasuria Cluster is close to Brent.

    3 April 2017